Oracle Patching with OPlan

Everyone that I’ve worked with knows that I don’t like patching (and sometimes I try to imagine who does), but they are necessary to corrects bugs and improve the Oracle software stability.

When you have a single node server with one database, the patch planing is no brainer but when you have a RAC with multiple nodes, different Oracle homes and so on, the planning and preparations start to get more complex and it is easy to miss or overlook a step in the planning which can lead to issues during your patching.

So to help me with all that I use oplan. Oplan is a tool which comes with along OPatch and you can get its latest version in patch 6880880

More informations on oplan can be found here: Oracle Software Patching with OPLAN (Doc ID 1306814.1)

OK, so what do I used it most for?

Generating the apply patching steps, which are very in handy:

$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/oplan/oplan generateApplySteps <bundle patch location>

And my favorite, rollback steps, which I have done more times that I would like to admit:

$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/oplan/oplan generateRollbackSteps <bundle patch location>

Also as rollback, I do tar of the oracle binaries being patched prior as there times even the rollback did not work :-/

Both files will be created under the directory below and you will see an html and text files.

$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/oplan/<TimeStamp>/

This process is to help you organise your steps, read it through prior executing to make sure it makes sense in your environment

Oplan has its limitations, from the Oracle note which I mentioned above:

Data Guard configurations are not supported.
OPlan can be used to create patch plans for Oracle home's running Oracle Data Guard configurations, but OPlan does not consider such an environment usable as 'Data Guard Standby-First Patch Apply' alternative. See the following for additional information on 'Data Guard Standby-First Patch Apply'

<Document 1265700.1> Oracle Patch Assurance - Data Guard Standby-First Patch Apply

Shared Oracle Home Configurations are not supported.

Single Instance Databases running in the same configuration are not supported

Even so I would still use it as it generates a plan based on your target environment adding more information that you would need to do manually if you were only to read the README files from the patching

Hope it helps.

Thanks and until next time

Elisson Almeida

OEM 12c Agent: java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space

Hi all,

So I got this error from OEM in a client. When connecting noticed OEM agent was down.

From logs, it failed to restart because of error “java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space“.

I tried to run clearstate but got same error.

Searched on MOS – found MOS Duplicate 1952593.1: EM12c: emctl start agent Fails With Target Interaction Manager failed at Startup java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space reported in gcagent_errors.log (Doc ID 1902124.1)

Solution seems to be moving /agent_inst/sysman/emd/state/ content to another location before running clearstate.

After doing so, all worked fine! So if you are facing the same, try this out!

oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/bin$ ./emctl status agent
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
---------------------------------------------------------------
Agent is Not Running
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/bin$ cd ..
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst$ cd sysman
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman$ cd log/
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ ls -lrt | tail
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 4096 Jan 9 09:47 emagent.nohup.lr
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 11165 Jan 9 09:48 startup.info
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 153432 Jan 9 09:48 gcagent_errors.log
-rw------- 1 oracle dba 540010788 Jan 9 09:48 heapDump_7.hprof
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 4687452 Jan 9 09:48 gcagent.log
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 1746 Jan 9 09:48 agabend.log
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 2863 Jan 9 09:48 gcagent_pfu.log
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 84308 Jan 9 09:48 emagent.nohup
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 762142 Jan 9 10:06 emdctlj.log
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 121782 Jan 9 10:06 emctl.log
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ date
Monday, January 9, 2020 10:06:24 AM PST
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ tail gcagent.log
2020-01-09 09:48:50,875 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown SslSelectChannelConnector@0.0.0.0:3872
2020-01-09 09:48:50,877 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown ContextHandler@63b5a40a@63b5a40a/emd/lifecycle/main,null
2020-01-09 09:48:50,877 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown HTTPLifecycleHandler@7284aa02
2020-01-09 09:48:50,877 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown ContextHandler@5dac13d7@5dac13d7/emd/main,null
2020-01-09 09:48:50,877 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown HTTPRequestHandler@52a34783
2020-01-09 09:48:50,877 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown ServletContextHandler@201d592a@201d592a/emd/browser,null
2020-01-09 09:48:50,878 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown ContextHandler@19a9bea3@19a9bea3/emd/persistence/main,null
2020-01-09 09:48:50,878 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown HTTPAgentPersistenceHandler@3d89acb5
2020-01-09 09:48:50,878 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Graceful shutdown ContextHandler@5722cc7e@5722cc7e/,null
2020-01-09 09:48:53,932 [32:F9C26A76] INFO - *jetty*: Shutdown hook complete
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ tail gcagent_errors.log
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.target.interaction.execution.Threshold.initThreshold(Threshold.java:4132)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.target.interaction.execution.TargetInteractionMgr.init(TargetInteractionMgr.java:225)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.target.interaction.execution.TargetInteractionMgr.tmNotifier(TargetInteractionMgr.java:171)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.lifecycle.TMComponentSvc.invokeNotifier(TMComponentSvc.java:998)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.lifecycle.TMComponentSvc.invokeInitializationStep(TMComponentSvc.java:1083)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.lifecycle.TMComponentSvc.doInitializationStep(TMComponentSvc.java:916)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.lifecycle.TMComponentSvc.notifierDriver(TMComponentSvc.java:812)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.TMMain.startup(TMMain.java:256)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.TMMain.agentMain(TMMain.java:557)
at oracle.sysman.gcagent.tmmain.TMMain.main(TMMain.java:546)
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ less gcagent_errors.log
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log$ cd ..
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman$ cd config/
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ ls -lrt | tail
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 8001 May 13 2016 b64LocalCertificate.txt
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 17893 May 13 2016 b64InternetCertificate.txt
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 7833 May 13 2016 emd.properties.2016_05_13_10_05_31
-rw------- 1 oracle dba 499 May 20 2016 s_jvm_options.opt.save
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 8202 Sep 26 01:20 emd.properties.bkp
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 8204 Jan 9 09:46 emd.properties.bak
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 156 Jan 9 09:46 private.properties.bak
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 8204 Jan 9 09:48 emd.properties
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 266 Jan 9 09:48 autotune.properties
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 156 Jan 9 09:48 private.properties
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ date
Monday, January 9, 2020 10:07:56 AM PST
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ n/emctl status agent
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
---------------------------------------------------------------
Agent is Not Running
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ which emctl
/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/bin/emctl
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ e agent; emctl start agent

Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4 Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. EMD clearstate failed: Offline clearstate failed : java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4 Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Starting agent ...........................................................................................................................failed. Consult emctl.log and emagent.nohup in: /db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/config$ cd .. oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman$ cd emd oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$ mkdir state-20200109 oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$ mv state/* state\-20200109/ oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$ du -hs state* 1K state 166M state-20200109 oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$ emctl clearstate agent; emctl sta
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
EMD clearstate completed successfully
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Starting agent ......................... started.
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$ emctl status agent
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c Release 4
Copyright (c) 1996, 2014 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
---------------------------------------------------------------
Agent Version : 12.1.0.4.0
OMS Version : 12.1.0.4.0
Protocol Version : 12.1.0.1.0
Agent Home : /db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst
Agent Log Directory : /db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/log
Agent Binaries : /db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/core/12.1.0.4.0
Agent Process ID : 27885
Parent Process ID : 27848
Agent URL : https://x0319vp114.nordstrom.net:3872/emd/main/
Local Agent URL in NAT : https://x0319vp114.nordstrom.net:3872/emd/main/
Repository URL : https://oemcloud.nordstrom.net:4900/empbs/upload
Started at : 2020-01-09 10:15:39
Started by user : oracle
Operating System : SunOS version 5.11 (sparcv9)
Last Reload : (none)
Last successful upload : 2020-01-09 10:17:35
Last attempted upload : 2020-01-09 10:17:35
Total Megabytes of XML files uploaded so far : 0.59
Number of XML files pending upload : 1
Size of XML files pending upload(MB) : 0
Available disk space on upload filesystem : 50.38%
Collection Status : Collections enabled
Heartbeat Status : Ok
Last attempted heartbeat to OMS : 2020-01-09 10:16:54
Last successful heartbeat to OMS : 2020-01-09 10:16:54
Next scheduled heartbeat to OMS : 2020-01-09 10:17:54

---------------------------------------------------------------
Agent is Running and Ready
oracle@dbserver:/db/oracle/product/agent12c/12.1.0.4/agent_inst/sysman/emd$

 

AWS RDS: Read Oracle Traces from SQL*Plus

Hi all,

One more for AWS services. Let’s say you need to read tracefiles from RDS, hot to do it?

Here is an example on how to list and read those files:

SQL> select * from dba_directories;

OWNER DIRECTORY_NAME DIRECTORY_PATH ORIGIN_CON_ID
---------- ------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------
SYS BDUMP /rdsdbdata/log/trace 0
SYS ADUMP /rdsdbdata/log/audit 0
SYS OPATCH_LOG_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/QOpatch 0
SYS OPATCH_SCRIPT_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/QOpatch 0
SYS DATA_PUMP_DIR /rdsdbdata/datapump 0
SYS OPATCH_INST_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/OPatch 0
SYS TMP /rdsdbdata/userdirs/01 0

7 rows selected.


SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.read_text_file( p_directory => 'BDUMP', p_filename => 'trace/CPROD1_s003_81573.trc'));


From the trace file:
=========================
..................................................................................
index undo for leaf key operations
KTB Redo
op: 0x02 ver: 0x01
compat bit: 4 (post-11) padding: 1
op: C uba: 0x000e289e.51da.47
Dump kdilk : itl=98, kdxlkflg=0x1 sdc=0 indexid=0x1c53db block=0x0019bdc0
(kdxlpu): purge leaf row
key :(24):
07 78 76 0c 17 17 09 32 08 c7 07 1a 02 28 15 01 18 06 00 1a 3c 99 00 1e

File 3 is not mirrored.

End dump previous blocks for kdsgrp
* kdsgrp1-2: ***********************************************
kdsDumpState: RID context dump

45511581 rows selected.

SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.listdir( p_directory => 'BDUMP')) order by mtime;

FILENAME TYPE FILESIZE MTIME
---------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------
CPROD1_ora_48800.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_48800.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_86597.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_86597.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7999.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7999.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7997.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7997.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8240.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8240.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8381.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8381.trc file 995 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8540.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8540.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_9876.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_9876.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11142.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11142.trc file 883 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11182.trc file 883 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11182.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_55077.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_55077.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92260.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92260.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_123869.trc file 1000 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_123869.trm file 74 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_41305.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_41305.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_j002_3293.trc file 114049 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_j002_3293.trm file 370 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_mmon_71739.trc file 7511332 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_mmon_71739.trm file 738330 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92888.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92888.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
trace/ directory 323584 24-DEC-18
alert_CPROD1.log file 204808 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_70145.trc file 1470 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_70145.trm file 109 24-DEC-18

3845 rows selected.

SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.listdir( p_directory => 'BDUMP')) where filename like '%CPROD1_s003_81573.trc%';

FILENAME TYPE FILESIZE MTIME
---------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------
CPROD1_s003_81573.trc file 1948134047 23-DEC-18