12cR1 – Stop CRS: OC4J Fails to Stop

Hi all!
So, I started to to see this error to stop a 12.1.0.2 CRS :

CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.oc4j' on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2680: Clean of 'ora.oc4j' on 'grepora-srv-01' failed
CRS-2799: Failed to shut down resource 'ora.oc4j' on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2794: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'grepora-srv-01' has failed
CRS-2675: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'grepora-srv-01' failed
CRS-2799: Failed to shut down resource 'ora.crsd' on 'grepora-srv-01'
CRS-2795: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'grepora-srv-01' has failed
CRS-4687: Shutdown command has completed with errors.

When running a crsctl stat res -t it will show something like this

ora.oc4j 1 ONLINE UNKNOWN grpora-srv-01 CLEANING

Solution? Follow The rootupgrade.sh fails because the oc4j resource fails to stop (Doc ID 1921629.1):

1) Stop the OC4J resource, as grid user:

 srvctl stop oc4j -f

Note: Even if the oc4j does not stop, continue with step 2
2) Disable the OC4J resource, as grid user:

 srvctl disable oc4j

3) Confirm the OC4J resource is NOT running, as grid user:

 srvctl status oc4j

If the OC4J resource is still running, go to the node where oc4j is running and recycle GI by issuing the following as root:

 crsctl stop crs -f
 crsctl start crs

Why?
oc4j is used only for Quality of Service Management (QoS feature), as per:
https://docs.oracle.com/database/121/APQOS/install_config.htm#APQOS151
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/server.112/e24611.pdf

Searched on MOS and only found notes saying we cannot remove default services (it is not supported). But as a DBA, in the middle of the night with environment down, this may be a solution for you, specially if you are not using QoS.

Hope it helps. Cheers!

Check Ports in use by OEM

So, how to quickly check which ports are indeed in use by OEM?

Easy:

[oracle@greporasrv ~]$ cat $OMS_HOME/install/portlist.ini
Enterprise Manager Upload Http Port=4889
Enterprise Manager Upload Http SSL Port=4903
OHS Http Port=9788
BI Publisher Http Port=9701
Enterprise Manager Central Console Http SSL Port=7802
Node Manager Http SSL Port=7403
BI Publisher Http SSL Port=9803
OHS Http SSL Port=9851
Managed Server Http Port=7202
Oracle Management Agent Port=3872
Enterprise Manager Central Console Http Port=7788
Admin Server Http SSL Port=7102
Managed Server Http SSL Port=7301

Hope it helps!

Regular Expressions with SUBEXPR

Hi All!

Did you know since 11g the REGEXP_INSTR and REGEXP_SUBSTR functions include a new SUBEXPR parameter that limits the pattern match to a specific subexpression in the search pattern?

Also, a new function, REGEXP_COUNT, returns the number of times the search pattern appears in source string.

Below a simple example of each one:

SQL> SELECT REGEXP_INSTR('1234567890', '(123)(4(56)(78))', 1, 1, 0, 'i', 3) FROM dual;

REGEXP_INSTR('1234567890','(123)(4(56)(78))',1,1,0,'I',3)
---------------------------------------------------------
                                                        5

SQL> SELECT REGEXP_SUBSTR('1234567890', '(123)(4(56)(78))', 1, 1, 'i', 3) FROM dual;

RE
--
56

SQL> SELECT REGEXP_COUNT('123 123 123 123', '123', 1, 'i') FROM dual;

REGEXP_COUNT('123123123123','123',1,'I')
----------------------------------------
                                       4

Cheers!

ORA-31600: invalid input value DATABASE LINK for parameter OBJECT_TYPE in function GET_DDL When Dropping DBLink

So while back there was an error while trying to drop a public database link

SQL> drop public database link "BOB.DATABASE_LINK_1";
drop public database link "BOB.DATABASE_LINK_1"
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-31600: invalid input value DATABASE LINK for parameter OBJECT_TYPE in
function GET_DDL
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_METADATA", line 5805
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_METADATA", line 8344
ORA-06512: at line 14

And the even strange part is that executing DBMS_METADATE.get_ddl worked against the database link

SQL> SELECT dbms_metadata.get_ddl('DB_LINK','BOB.DATABASE_LINK_1','SYS') FROM dual;

CREATE DATABASE LINK "BOB.DATABASE_LINK_1"
CONNECT TO "NYU" IDENTIFIED BY VALUES '*******'
USING 'ORCL';

The solution relied on MOS note Cannot drop a database link after changing the global_name ORA-02024 (Doc ID 382994.1) all though the symptoms in the note were not a match to the problem above the solution did the trick.
Which is to backup the table sys.link$ as CTAS and delete the row corresponding to the database link which you need to drop.

Take a complete consistent backup of the database or use CTAS can be used to backup sys.link$:

$sqlplus /nolog
connect / as sysdba

SQL> create table backup_link$ as select * from sys.link$:

Delete the DBLINK as follows:

$sqlplus /nolog
connect / as sysdba

SQL> delete sys.link$ where name='db_link_name>';

SQL>commit;

Verify if the operation was correctly proceeded:

select db_link, username, host from user_db_links;

Hope it helps!

Oracle: Create Disabled Triggers

Hey,
I believe you may know about this already, but in case its something new to you: Yes, this is possible since 11g!

Prior to 11g, it was only possible to create triggers in the enabled state, and after creating to disable them. Since 11g they can be explicitly enabled or disabled at creation time using clause ENABLE or DISABLE. As per example:

CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER disabled_trigger
BEFORE INSERT ON table_example
FOR EACH ROW
DISABLE
BEGIN NULL; END;
/

If didn’t know it yet. Np! You know it now! šŸ˜€

Cheers!

Oracle Invisible indexes

Hi All!
I was reviewing some features in Oracle and, basically, every single time I review them I find something new. Seems Oracle Databases’ features are near to infinite and we frequently find some that can really add value to our solutions.

So here is an 11g feature that is actually when known and I really like to useĀ  when considering to remove indexes on clients or even “testing” a creation in production. How does that work?

Invisible indexes

Oracle 11g allows indexes to be marked as invisible. Invisible indexes are maintained like any other index, but they are ignored by the optimizer unless the OPTIMIZER_USE_INVISIBLE_INDEXES parameter is set to TRUE at the instance or session level. Indexes can be created as invisible by using the INVISIBLE keyword, and their visibility can be toggled using the ALTER INDEX command. Examples of those commands are listed below:

CREATE INDEX index_name ON table_name(column_name) INVISIBLE;
ALTER INDEX index_name INVISIBLE;
ALTER INDEX index_name VISIBLE;

Cheers!

OEM13c: Regions that display real-time data will not be displayed. Exception while loading RAC Database Home Page: null

Hi all,
So I was having this issue from a Database Home page on OEM 13c:

image_OEMBug.png

Actually, OMS log was presenting several null pointer exceptions… So, whats is the deal?

Everything seemed to match to MOS Bug 22957131 – OEM13C: Exception while loading RAC Database Home Page: null.

The solution?
– Patch 25197714 for the EM 13.2 OMS
– Patch 25155095 for the EM 13.1 OMS

Also, those fixes are included on following Boudle Patches:
– 13.2.1.0.161231
– 13.1.1.0.161220

Applied the patch and solved my case. Hope it helps you!

More Reference:
– EM 13C: Target Database Home Page Displays Message in Enterprise Manager 13c Cloud Control: Regions that display real-time data will not be displayed. Exception while loading RAC Database Home Page: null (Doc ID 2210123.1)
– Note 2219797.1 Enterprise Manager 13.2 Master Bundle Patch List
– Note 2124038.1 Enterprise Manager 13.1 Master Bundle Patch List for the Management Agent and Plug-ins

Oracle SQL Join Factorization Transformation (JFT)

Hi All!
Following the line of last week post, let’s talk today about the JFT…

Oracle SQL Join Factorization Transformation (JFT)

The UNION operator is great for merging the results of multiple queries that return similar rowsets, essentially executing each query separately and merging the results together into a single result set. Oracle 11g release 2 come with improvements for SQL optimizer on how Oracle handles UNION ALL performance with the new join factorization transformation (JFT). The Join Factorization Transformation applies only to UNION ALL queries.

The following example show how the optimizer improves the performance of UNION ALL by dynamically re-writing a UNION ALL query into a more efficient form using an in-line view:

Original Query:

select t1.c1, t2.c2     
    from t1, t2, t3     
    where t1.c1 = t2.c1 and t1.c1 > 1 and t2.c2 = 2 and t2.c2 = t3.c2    
union all     
    select t1.c1, t2.c2     
    from t1, t2, t4     
    where t1.c1 = t2.c1 and t1.c1 > 1 and t2.c3 = t4.c3;

Re-Written Query:

select t1.c1, VW_JF_1.item_2
     from t1, (select t2.c1 item_1, t2.c2 item_2
                    from t2, t3
                    where t2.c2 = t3.c2 and t2.c2 = 2
               union all
                    select t2.c1 item_1, t2.c2 item_2
                    from t2, t4
                    where t2.c3 = t4.c3) VW_JF_1
     where t1.c1 = VW_JF_1.item_1 and t1.c1 > 1;

Nice, right?
Cheers!

Oracle: “Invisible” Locks!

Have you ever heard:
“My session was killed. I’m trying again. There is no locks. But My SQL doesn’t run!”

By default, when a session is disconnected from Oracle, the SQLs uncommitted are undone (rollback). So, in case of a long routing there is a probably a rollback in place.

How Oracle rollback take that long? Well, it’s Oracle mechanism. The RDBMS basically assume you know what your are doing and start writing the new blocks so the commit will be very quick. Which, however, is bad in case of rollbacks.

How to check if this is your case?

select ktuxeusn, to_char(sysdate,'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') "Time", ktuxesiz, ktuxesta
from x$ktuxe
where ktuxecfl = 'DEAD'
4 /

KTUXEUSN Time KTUXESIZ KTUXESTA
---------- -------------------- ---------- ----------------
31 07-APR-2018 16:48:53 17705 ACTIVE
48 07-APR-2018 16:48:53 108856 ACTIVE

Hm.. What can I do? Not much really, we need to wait the rollback to complete.
One thing that can be done to increase the rollback is changing the fast_start_parallel_rollback parameter, as per:

SQL> show parameters roll

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
fast_start_parallel_rollback string LOW
rollback_segments string
transactions_per_rollback_segment integer 5
SQL> alter system set fast_start_parallel_rollback=HIGH;

System altered.

Hope it helps!
Cheers!