RHEL: Figuring out CPUs, Cores and Hyper-Threading

Hi all!
It’s a recurrent subject, right? But no one is 100% sure to how figure this out… So, let me quickly show you my way:

– Physical CPUs (sockets):

[root@mysrvr ~]# grep -i "physical id" /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u | wc -l
2
[root@mysrvr ~]# dmidecode -t processor |grep CPU
        Version: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU X5570 @ 2.93GHz
        Version: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU X5570 @ 2.93GHz

So, 2 physical CPUs.

– Physical Cores

[root@mysrvr ~]# egrep -e "core id" -e ^physical /proc/cpuinfo|xargs -l2 echo|sort -u
physical id : 0 core id : 0
physical id : 0 core id : 1
physical id : 0 core id : 2
physical id : 0 core id : 3
physical id : 1 core id : 0
physical id : 1 core id : 1
physical id : 1 core id : 2
physical id : 1 core id : 3

Each one of Physical Processors has 4 cores.
So, there is two quad-cores. This way, we have 8 cores at all.

– Logical CPUs

[root@mysrvr ~]# grep -i "processor" /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u | wc -l
16

Ok, so we have cores in double.
This means we have Hyper-Threading (technology by Intel Processors).

Not so hard, right?

Those links are similar and quite cool to understand the concepts:
https://access.redhat.com/discussions/480953
https://www.redhat.com/archives/redhat-list/2011-August/msg00009.html
http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/architecture-and-technology/hyper-threading/hyper-threading-technology.html

Matheus.

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