MySQL: Sed for Scripts using “Show” from Command Line

Hi all,
So, a pretty basics one today… But useful to have handy. How to script an output from  mysql -B -e?

Easy, by using SED. Ok, by replacements are always tricky considering the line braking and etc. So, here goes an example with show tables:

Original Output.

[root@greporasrv ~]# mysql sbtest -B -e 'show tables'
Tables_in_sbtest
sbtest1
sbtest10
sbtest2
sbtest3
sbtest4
sbtest5
sbtest6
sbtest7
sbtest8
sbtest9
Cool, now with all in one line:
[root@greporasrv ~]# mysql sbtest -B -e 'show tables'|sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/ /g'
Tables_in_sbtest sbtest1 sbtest10 sbtest2 sbtest3 sbtest4 sbtest5 sbtest6 sbtest7 sbtest8 sbtest9

Great, so let’s put some useful code on it:

[root@greporasrv ~]# mysql sbtest -B -e 'show tables'|sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/ engine=innodb; \n alter table /g'
Tables_in_sbtest engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest1 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest10 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest2 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest3 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest4 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest5 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest6 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest7 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest8 engine=innodb;
alter table sbtest9 engine=innodb;

Hope you can use for your needs.

Cheers!

Statspack top queries script by elapsed time

Hi all,

I was engaged on a report request that I needed to gather to get the TOP SQL by elapsed time and using Statspack. I got those and than I was asked to it on the following week and on the following, and you may see when this is going. So I created a script which would give is a report and I would not have to do it manually ever again 🙂

Usage: long_run_sql.sh [-h ] [ -r 

Where:
If no parameters are used 120 minutes and 7 days will be used as default for History, 5 minutes for current running
-r = Set the time in minutes for the current running SQLs
-o = Specifies the minutes to be used for the long running SQLs History
-d = set the time period wanted for the execution history, default is 7 days
-h = Shows this help message

Might still have some bugs but it well enough to share here 🙂

You have some parameters that you need to change at the top, to suite your environment and of course have Statspack working and change the sqlplus connection line

Some tweaks are required as no 2 environments are never 100% alike. But still forth the work.

#!/bin/bash
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Creates a report, using statspack, of the long running sqls from database
#
# History:
# Feb-21-2018 - Elisson Almeida - Created.
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#usage
### Environment setup
### Global variables
DIR=/home/oracle/scripts
LOG=/home/oracle/logs
DATE=$(date +%Y%m%d_%H%M%S)
NAME=long_running_sql_report
OUTPUT_FILE=${LOG}/${NAME}_${DATE}.log
ERROR_FILE=${LOG}/${NAME}.err
TMP_FILE=$DIR/$.tmp
CONFIG_EMAIL_TO=
PATH=
ORACLE_SID=
ORACLE_BASE=
ORACLE_HOME=
#tns-admin if needed otherwise comment out
#TNS_ADMIN
RUNNING=5
HISTORY=120
Help()
{
echo "Usage: long_run_sql.sh [-h ] [ -r 

Hope it helps!

Elisson Almeida

Script to Setup ADRCI Policies

Hi all!
So, today just sharing some useful scripts to configure, set and check on databases and users.

This is specially useful for environments with several databases under different users, considering a possible server consolidation strategy.

# Script to Check on Current Configuration:

[root@greporasrv ~]# cat adrci-check.sh
su - $1 -c 'export ORAENV_ASK=NO ; ORACLE_SID=$2 ; . oraenv ; for f in $(adrci exec="show homes" | grep -v "ADR Homes:" | grep -v "clients") ; do adrci exec="set home $f; show control;" ; done'

# Script to Set New Configuration
On this example: (SHORTP_POLICY = 168, LONGP_POLICY = 720).

[root@greporasrv ~]# cat adrci-set.sh
ORAUSER=$1
export SID=$2
su - $ORAUSER -c 'export ORAENV_ASK=NO ; ORACLE_SID='$SID' ; . oraenv ; for f in $(adrci exec="show homes" | grep -v "ADR Homes:" | grep -v "clients") ; do adrci exec="set home $f; set control \(SHORTP_POLICY = 168, LONGP_POLICY = 720\);" ; done'

# To run them informing OSUSER and SID:

./adrci-check.sh OWNER SID
./adrci-set.sh OWNER SID

# Master one: Script to set for all DBs/Users:

[root@greporasrv ~]# cat adrci-gen.sh
for h in $(grep -v "^#" /etc/oratab | awk 'BEGIN { FS=":";} {if (NF) print $2}' | sort -u)
do
ORAOWN=`ls -ld $h | cut -d " " -f 3`
# validate user?
# get a SID to use for this home
SID=`grep $h /etc/oratab | grep -v '^\*:' | cut -d ":" -f 1 | tail -1`

# Generating the code to check ADRCI settings on this OH
./adrci-check.sh $ORAOWN $SID

# Generating the code to change ADRCI settings on this OH
./adrci-set.sh $ORAOWN $SID
done

Nice, right?
Hope it helps. Cheers!

Oracle: Easily Decoding ROWID

Hi all,
Recently I needed to decode the rowid so I could find some information about it, I found this bit of code that I thought useful:

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
DECLARE
v_rid VARCHAR2(20) ;
v_type NUMBER;
v_obj NUMBER;
v_rfno NUMBER;
v_bno NUMBER;
v_rno NUMBER;
BEGIN
v_rid := 'AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb';
dbms_output.put_line('Row_ID = "'||v_rid||'"');
dbms_rowid.rowid_info(CHARTOROWID(v_rid), v_type, v_obj, v_rfno, v_bno, v_rno);
IF v_type = 0 THEN
dbms_output.put_line('RowID Type -> Restricted');
ELSE dbms_output.put_line('RowID Type -> Extended');
END IF;
dbms_output.put_line('Object ID = "'||v_obj||'"');
dbms_output.put_line('Relative File Number = "'||v_rfno||'"');
dbms_output.put_line('Block Number = "'||v_bno||'"');
dbms_output.put_line('Row Number = "'||v_rno||'"');
END;
/

Note that I have hard-coded the rowid but it is relatively easy to either edit this or indeed to incorporate this into a procedure.

Here’s the sample output

Row_ID = "AAAAASAABAAAADxAAb"
RowID Type -> Extended
Object ID = "18"
Relative File Number = "1"
Block Number = "241"
Row Number = "27"

Hope this helps!
Cheers!

Shellscript & Oracle: Run Script for a List of Databases

Hey all!
Quick tip/script for today: How to run same script for a list of databases quickly?

In my case I have same password/user in all databases, but in case you haven’t you can make a similar awk command to retrieve users and passwords from a file.

The list:

$: cat /tmp/dbs.cfg
db01
db02
db03
testdb

The script:

for DBSID in ${*-$(awk -F: '!/^#/ {print $1}' /tmp/dbs.cfg}
do
    print "
        connect user/password@${DBSID}
        @script_to_run.sql
        exit " |
    sqlplus /nolog >> /tmp/output_test.log
done

Hope it helps!
Cheers!

Purge Recycle Bin Older than…

Hello all!

Have your recyclebin being full/big but don’t want to make a complete “PURGE RECYCLE BIN;”?
Want remove only older than x days (like older than 30 days)?

Please don’t:

DELETE from DBA_RECYCLEBIN where droptime<sysdate-30;
PURGE DBA_RECYCLEBIN where droptime<sysdate-30;

A good way to perform that is to execute output from:

# 30 Days
select 'purge table '||owner||'."'||OBJECT_NAME||'";' 
from dba_recyclebin where type='TABLE' 
and to_date(droptime,'YYYY-MM-DD:HH24:MI:SS')<sysdate-30;

# 30 minutes
select 'purge table '||owner||'."'||OBJECT_NAME||'";' 
from dba_recyclebin where type='TABLE' and 
to_date(droptime,'YYYY-MM-DD:HH24:MI:SS')<sysdate-(30/(24*60));

There is some reference here too:
How To Drop / Delete / Purge Recyclebin or DBA_RECYCLBIN For Objects Older Than x Days/minutes or selective purge of objects from recycle bin (Doc ID 1596147.1)

And here you can see an awesome procedure in case you want to automate that in a job or similar:
http://dbspecialists.com/enhanced-purging-of-the-oracle-recyclebin/

Hope it help you!
Cheers!

Oracle Database 9i: Where is my SQL_ID? Which SQL is in lock?

Struggling with that, right?
As you know, in Oracle Database 9i the view V$SESSION doesn’t have SQL_ID column…
So how to map SQLs in my database? And, for example, how to get the SQLs causing a lock?

In the end of the day, the SQL_ID is only a representation of the hash_value of an SQL. You can even make the translation from SQL_ID to Hash Value as you can check on this post by Tanel Poder.

Ok, but I have to map which sql is causing the lock in my 9i database, how can I do that?

Here it goes:

If session status is ACTIVE:

SELECT s1.sql_text from v$sqlarea s1,v$session s2 where s2.SID=&sid and s2.SQL_ADDRESS = s1.ADDRESS

If session status is INACTIVE:

SELECT s1.sql_text from v$sqlarea s1,v$session s2 where s2.SID=&sid and s2.prev_sql_addr = s1.ADDRESS

You’re welcome! 😉

See you next week!