ORA-04030: out of process memory when trying to allocate % bytes (kkoutlCreatePh,ub1 : kkoabr)

Hi all,

So, I started seen this on a client environment. Researching on the  case after no crear reference on MOS, I noticed some high PGA allocation as per below.

SYS@proddb AS SYSDBA PROD> select pid, serial#,category, allocated/1024/1024 MB, used/1024/1024 MB_used, max_allocated/1024/1024 MB_MAX_ALLOCATED_ON_PGA
2 from v$process_memory where pid=852;

---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------- -----------------------
852 91 SQL .086807251 .00806427 .672416687
852 91 PL/SQL .087730408 .078926086 .126182556
852 91 Freeable .5625 0
852 91 Other 2.25187302 2.25187302

Seems a match MOS ORA-04030 Error With High “kkoutlCreatePh” (Doc ID 1618444.1).

The solution? Simply disabled the following parameter:



Trace for additional info:

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1
System name: Linux
Node name: proddb.local
Release: 4.1.12-94.8.3.el7uek.x86_64
Version: #2 SMP Wed Apr 25 19:57:32 PDT 2018
Machine: x86_64
Instance name: proddb
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 854
Unix process pid: 28899, image: oracle@proddb.local

*** 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** SESSION ID:(5429.55092) 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** CLIENT ID:() 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** SERVICE NAME:(XXXXX) 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** MODULE NAME:(JDBC Thin Client) 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** CLIENT DRIVER:(jdbcthin) 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130
*** ACTION NAME:() 2019-01-09 11:20:09.130

Jump to table of contents
Dump continued from file: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/proddb/proddb/trace/proddb_ora_28899.trc
ORA-04030: out of process memory when trying to allocate 34392040 bytes (kkoutlCreatePh,ub1 : kkoabr)

========= Dump for incident 2710965 (ORA 4030) ========
----- Beginning of Customized Incident Dump(s) -----
72% 18 GB, 1356 chunks: "free memory " SQL
kxs-heap-c ds=0x7fa8df330220 dsprt=0x7fa8df49dbe0
27% 6809 MB, 3366 chunks: "permanent memory " SQL
kxs-heap-c ds=0x7fa8df330220 dsprt=0x7fa8df49dbe0
0% 100 MB, 894 chunks: "permanent memory " SQL
kkoutlCreatePh ds=0x7fa8cce16708 dsprt=0x7fa8df330220
0% 23 MB, 589515 chunks: "chedef : qcuatc "
TCHK^2a9688d9 ds=0x7fa8df33feb8 dsprt=0x7fa8df49c9e0
0% 18 MB, 150124 chunks: "opndef: qcopCreateOpnViaM "
TCHK^2a9688d9 ds=0x7fa8df33feb8 dsprt=0x7fa8df49c9e0
0% 16 MB, 214829 chunks: "logdef: qcopCreateLog "
TCHK^2a9688d9 ds=0x7fa8df33feb8 dsprt=0x7fa8df49c9e0
0% 11 MB, 241 chunks: "free memory "
top call heap ds=0x7fa8df49dbe0 dsprt=(nil)
0% 9643 KB, 4623 chunks: "qkkele " SQL
kxs-heap-c ds=0x7fa8df330220 dsprt=0x7fa8df49dbe0
0% 6534 KB, 58578 chunks: "optdef: qcopCreateOptInte "
TCHK^2a9688d9 ds=0x7fa8df33feb8 dsprt=0x7fa8df49c9e0
0% 4134 KB, 15399 chunks: "kccdef : qcsvwsci "
TCHK^2a9688d9 ds=0x7fa8df33feb8 dsprt=0x7fa8df49c9e0

25 GB total:
25 GB commented, 794 KB permanent
12 MB free (0 KB in empty extents),
24 GB, 1 heap: "kxs-heap-c " 67 KB free held
Summary of subheaps at depth 1
25 GB total:
203 MB commented, 6809 MB permanent
18 GB free (0 KB in empty extents),
6398 MB, 9243 chunks: "allocator state " 6398 MB free held
3758 MB, 4623 chunks: "qkkele " 3749 MB free held
3650 MB, 4623 chunks: "qkkkey " 3650 MB free held


Dump of Real-Free Memory Allocator Heap [0x7fa8df317000]
mag=0xfefe0001 flg=0x5000003 fds=0x0 blksz=65536
blkdstbl=0x7fa8df317010, iniblk=524288 maxblk=524288 numsegs=318
In-use num=2965 siz=641597440, Freeable num=0 siz=0, Free num=254 siz=3586195456


Dumping Work Area Table (level=1)

Global SGA Info

global target: 102400 MB
auto target: 62376 MB
max pga: 2048 MB
pga limit: 4096 MB
pga limit known: 0
pga limit errors: 0

pga inuse: 33104 MB
pga alloc: 35238 MB
pga freeable: 1225 MB
pga freed: 433664026 MB
pga to free: 0 %
broker request: 0

pga auto: 12 MB
pga manual: 0 MB

pga alloc (max): 35238 MB
pga auto (max): 12284 MB
pga manual (max): 2 MB

# workareas : 0
# workareas(max): 551

ORA-02019 While SELECT From A View Owned By Another User Using Dblink

Quick case today.

This week I had a client experiencing ORA-02019 while SELECT from a View with dblink and CONNECT BY PRIOR … START WITH into SELECT.
The situation involved Views on a DB which need to be accessed by a groups of users from another DB using proxy user and a DB link but encounter this ORA error.

The root cause?

ORA-02019 while performing select on a view or while selecting a view owned by another user, with dblink, is a match to Bug 26558437 – DATABASE LINK FAILS WITH ORA-2019 WHEN SELECT ANOTHER USER VIEW.

But MOS doesn’t have workaround besides applying patch, as usual. What we did and solved on our case?

We created a materialized view refreshed every 15 mins (solution supported this delay0 using the DBLink if the view owner.
In this case, the other users instead of executing the query on the view, will be actually querying the table created (and refreshed) by the mview code, which would be only be executed by the mview owner.

By the way, 2 good side effects:
1) Once view was executed more often then the period of refresh, this solution is also saving some efforts database wise, once executing select from mview is way better then the view code, besides not using the network on dblink
2) If the remote database get slow, or down, the data would be still available from last mview refresh.

2) MOS not always give you all the steps. Sometimes you can easily solve your problem by thinking a little bit more on the root cause problem.


ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kghfrempty:ds]

Hi all,
Annoying thing, just because that sounded veeery unsual to me. I would expect a different error.

I have seen this “[kghfrempty:ds]” in past a couple times, and if you did see it too you may have noticed, this is almost as much generic as the ORA-600 itself. It happens because this is usually in the top of KGH errors in general. Some examples:


kghnerror <- kghfrempty <- kghfrempty_ex <- qerhjFreeSpace
<- qerhjFetch <- qersoProcessULS <- qersoFetch <- opifch2 <- kpoal8
<- opiodr <- kpoodrc <- rpiswu2 <- kpoodr <- upirtrc
<- kpurcsc <- kpufch0 <- kpufch <- OCIStmtFetch2 <- qksanExecSql <- qksanAnalyzeSql


kghfrempty <- kghfrempty_partial <- kghgex <- kghfnd <- kghalo <- kghgex <- kghalf <- ktmrProcessCRClone 
<- ktmbRead <- ktmrget_int <- ktmrget <- kdmsTransGet <- kdst_fetch_imc  <- kdsttgr  <- qertbFetch

And as being it can be related either to analyze bugs (as per stack 1), In-Memory Column Store – IMC (as per stack 2), create views, rollback over cluster, trigger creation, use function based indexes, or several other generic situations (there is no pattern, as you can see).

So what do to if you get this message? Well, generically, read all the MOS notes available and try to match you case. IF you match, pray to have a bug for your current version, or open an SR to either have a backport or start a new investigation.

A few examples of things to check:

  • ALERT: Bug 13605839 ORA-600 [ktbsdp1] ORA-600 [kghfrempty:ds] ORA-600 [kdBlkCheckError]. Corruption in Rollback with Clusterwide Global Transactions in RAC (Doc ID 1527740.1)
  • SQL Analyze Fails with ORA-600[kghfrempty:ds] (Doc ID 2247180.1)
    Bug 21556276 – dataguide createviewonpath hit ora 600 [kghfrempty:ds] (Doc ID 21556276.8)
  • Bug 20878625 – ORA-600[kghfrempty:ds] with IMC enabled (Doc ID 20878625.8)
  • Bug 19212166 – ORA-600 [KGHFREMPTY:DS] With Cache Line Alignment Enabled (Doc ID 19212166.8)
  • Bug 6797925 – ORA-600 [kghfrempty:ds] During Creation Of Trigger In XML Schema (Doc ID 6797925.8)
  • 11.1: ORA-600 [17147] AND [kghfrempty:ds] On Select Using Functional Indexes (Doc ID 884882.1)
  • ORA-600 [kghfrempty:ds] And ORA-600 [kghrcdepth:ds] While Gathering Statistics (Doc ID 1480132.1)

BUUT I just noticed some undocumented scenario causing this and it might help you on fixing this as well.
I noticed I was getting this error for different queries but always from same application. So I addressed a complete review on application layer and noticed the JDBC 7 on this application. Happens we had just upgraded from 12.1 to 19c.

SO, after upgrading jdbc, it started to work again properly and no MOS SR was required. So lesson learned: When you receive this kghfrempty:ds], speacially after migration, also check for your application JDBC version.

For compatibility Matrix: Starting With Oracle JDBC Drivers – Installation, Certification, and More! ( Doc ID 401934.1 )

Hope it helps, cheers!

Application Named Variables Returning ORA-01008: not all variables bound

Hi all,
I saw it a long time ago and last week I was involved in a discussion for this same error. So, this deserve a post for future reference. 🙂

Imagine the situation: You are building an application or a module to perform queries on database. You want to use variables in the query and fill the values using text fields on application. Sounds easy and works fine for SQLServer and others, but Oracle database is returning:

ORA-01008: not all variables bound

What to do?

Fist let’s clear the issue: this is not related to database layer or oracle interpreter/parser. This error happens when a bind variable being used on SQL have no value. The official reasoning is:

Cause: A SQL statement containing substitution variables was executed without all variables bound. All substitution variables must have a substituted value before the SQL statement is executed.

In my case ODP.Net with C# (but apply to other languages). Interesting fact:
“ODP.Net provider from oracle uses bind by position as default. To change the behavior to bind by name, set property BindByName to true.”

This means Oracle may be waiting for “:1”, “:2” as bind variables and this can also not being set correctly by application.
In this case, please try to set BindByName to true in application code for Oracle command. Example below:

using(OracleCommand cmd = con.CreateCommand()) {
    cmd.BindByName = true;

Now, try again. 🙂

Hope this helps you!

ORA-29278 When Trying to Use SMTP with GMail

Hi all,
Some time ago I got reached by a client with this error to send SMTP emails using GMail service with a wallet.
This is a generic error, in general the string identified the error returned from email service layer.

# Generic:

ORA-29278: SMTP transient error: string

# Error I was facing:

ORA-29278: SMTP transient error: 421 Service not available

Basically it was related to some intermittence on GMail’s service and got back to normal after a while. This is also well documented in this post by Hâvard Kristiansen.
However, I couldn’t use scripts there because of my wallet. Then I found the very useful commands below, that is what I want to share with you:

# Checking for SSL Certificate:

[oracle@grepora-srvr]$ openssl s_client -crlf -quiet -connect smtp.gmail.com:587 -starttls smtp
depth=3 C = US, O = Equifax, OU = Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
verify return:1
depth=2 C = US, O = GeoTrust Inc., CN = GeoTrust Global CA
verify return:1
depth=1 C = US, O = Google Inc, CN = Google Internet Authority G2
verify return:1
depth=0 C = US, ST = California, L = Mountain View, O = Google Inc, CN = smtp.gmail.com
verify return:1
(return:1 means "passed".)

# Testing SMTP on Database (code):

More“ORA-29278 When Trying to Use SMTP with GMail”

ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [nstimexp()+45] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x58] [PC:0x7F42ABB] [Address not mapped to object] []

Hello all,
I had faced some occourrences of this error in a database recently.

ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [nstimexp()+45] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x58] [PC:0x7F42ABB] [Address not mapped to object] []

After some investigation I found a match to Bug 3934729.
This issue is originally to matched to Bug 6918493, that is a reintroduction of Bug 2752985 but it’s fixed in
However, on upgrading to it’s a hit on Bug 3934729 which is fixed in

Recommended actions are:
– Upgrade databases do or higher. (best solution, but may require more efforts to validate the upgrade).
– Set sqlnet.expire_time=0 (workaround)
– Ignore error.

After some research I decided to apply workaround, based on recommended usage of sqlnet.expire_time (Next weeks post is about this parameter :)).
This might be the root cause for the ORA-03135: connection lost contact and the actual value of this parameter on environment was 1, which is a very low value.

So, check which action is more suitable for your environment!
Hope it helps 🙂

Below some additional informations on my situation:

More“ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [nstimexp()+45] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x58] [PC:0x7F42ABB] [Address not mapped to object] []”

ORA-00001: unique constraint (RMAN.CKP_U1) violated

Don’t create so much expectations on this post.

This is because I don’t exactly fixed the issue, but workarounded…
The thing is: This error is caused in catalog database, so the workaround is simple: do a RMAN-nocatalog, I mean, simply don’t connect in catalog to perform the backup.

After completing the backup, I’d suggest you to force a synchronization with command “RESYNC CATALOG“. In worst case, on next execution the implicit resync will fix everything. 🙂

There is no bigger explanations on this, but you can same workaround in MOS Bug 12588237 – RMAN-3002 ORA-1: unique constraint (ckp_u1) violated after dataguard switchover (Doc ID 12588237.8).

And this is it for today!
See you next week!

Exadata: ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [ocl_lock_get_waitobj_owner()+26] [11] [0x000000000] [] [] []

Hello all,

This is because the error is generated by an unpublished bug 17891564, as per described in MOS ORA-7445 [ocl_lock_get_waitobj_owner] on an Exadata storage cell (Doc ID 1906366.1).

It affects Exadata storage cell with image version between and The CELLSRV process crash with this error as per:

Cellsrv encountered a fatal signal 11
Errors in file /opt/oracle/cell11.  (incident=257):
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [ocl_lock_get_waitobj_owner()+26] [11] [0x000000000] [] [] []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/cell11.

The CELLSRV process should auto restart after this error.

More“Exadata: ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [ocl_lock_get_waitobj_owner()+26] [11] [0x000000000] [] [] []”

x$kglob: ORA-02030: can only select from fixed tables/views

Hi all!
While selecting on x$kglob with DBA credentials hanging on:

SQL> select count(*) from sys.x$kglob;
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00942: a tabela ou view não existe

But with sys it succeed. Ok, let’s grant privilege:

SQL> grant select on sys.x$kglob to dba;
grant select on sys.x$kglob to dba
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02030: can only select from fixed tables/views

What a hell! I couldn’t grant it any way!
So the MCGayver solution was:

More“x$kglob: ORA-02030: can only select from fixed tables/views”

ORA-02296: cannot enable (string.) – null values found

Hi all!
Found the error below?

greporadb> alter table TABLE_TEST modify COLUMN_TEST not null;
alter table TABLE_TEST modify COLUMN_TEST not null
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02296: cannot enable (MATHEUSDBA.) - null values found

It happen basically because you have null values for this column. Let’s check:
More“ORA-02296: cannot enable (string.) – null values found”