Amazon RDS: How to perform RMAN operations?

Hi all,

Need to performa any RMAN Operation from Amazon RDS? Maybe something like validating backups?

Well, we have some options under by using RDSADMIN_RMAN_UTIL package. See below an example for validate backup:

BEGIN
 rdsadmin.rdsadmin_rman_util.validate_database(
 p_validation_type => 'PHYSICAL+LOGICAL',
 p_parallel => 4,
 p_section_size_mb => 10,
 p_rman_to_dbms_output => FALSE);
END;
/

More info about it: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonRDS/latest/UserGuide/Appendix.Oracle.CommonDBATasks.RMAN.html

Hope it helps, cheers!

AWS RDS: Read Oracle Traces from SQL*Plus

Hi all,

One more for AWS services. Let’s say you need to read tracefiles from RDS, hot to do it?

Here is an example on how to list and read those files:

SQL> select * from dba_directories;

OWNER DIRECTORY_NAME DIRECTORY_PATH ORIGIN_CON_ID
---------- ------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------
SYS BDUMP /rdsdbdata/log/trace 0
SYS ADUMP /rdsdbdata/log/audit 0
SYS OPATCH_LOG_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/QOpatch 0
SYS OPATCH_SCRIPT_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/QOpatch 0
SYS DATA_PUMP_DIR /rdsdbdata/datapump 0
SYS OPATCH_INST_DIR /rdsdbbin/oracle/OPatch 0
SYS TMP /rdsdbdata/userdirs/01 0

7 rows selected.


SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.read_text_file( p_directory => 'BDUMP', p_filename => 'trace/CPROD1_s003_81573.trc'));


From the trace file:
=========================
..................................................................................
index undo for leaf key operations
KTB Redo
op: 0x02 ver: 0x01
compat bit: 4 (post-11) padding: 1
op: C uba: 0x000e289e.51da.47
Dump kdilk : itl=98, kdxlkflg=0x1 sdc=0 indexid=0x1c53db block=0x0019bdc0
(kdxlpu): purge leaf row
key :(24):
07 78 76 0c 17 17 09 32 08 c7 07 1a 02 28 15 01 18 06 00 1a 3c 99 00 1e

File 3 is not mirrored.

End dump previous blocks for kdsgrp
* kdsgrp1-2: ***********************************************
kdsDumpState: RID context dump

45511581 rows selected.

SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.listdir( p_directory => 'BDUMP')) order by mtime;

FILENAME TYPE FILESIZE MTIME
---------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------
CPROD1_ora_48800.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_48800.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_86597.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_86597.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7999.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7999.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7997.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_7997.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8240.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8240.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8381.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8381.trc file 995 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8540.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_8540.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_9876.trc file 881 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_9876.trm file 71 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11142.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11142.trc file 883 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11182.trc file 883 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_11182.trm file 72 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_55077.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_55077.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92260.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92260.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_123869.trc file 1000 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_123869.trm file 74 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_41305.trc file 998 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_41305.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_j002_3293.trc file 114049 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_j002_3293.trm file 370 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_mmon_71739.trc file 7511332 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_mmon_71739.trm file 738330 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92888.trc file 997 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_92888.trm file 73 24-DEC-18
trace/ directory 323584 24-DEC-18
alert_CPROD1.log file 204808 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_70145.trc file 1470 24-DEC-18
CPROD1_ora_70145.trm file 109 24-DEC-18

3845 rows selected.

SQL> select * from table (rdsadmin.rds_file_util.listdir( p_directory => 'BDUMP')) where filename like '%CPROD1_s003_81573.trc%';

FILENAME TYPE FILESIZE MTIME
---------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------
CPROD1_s003_81573.trc file 1948134047 23-DEC-18

									

AWS: ALTER SYSTEM and Managing SYS Objects in RDS

I’m very often managing services over EC2 and there are a few actions clients are often getting some issues to perform in RDS. So I decided to list here 5 of them:

Kill sessions:

begin
rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.kill(
sid => &sid,
serial => &serial,
method => 'IMMEDIATE');
end;
/

Flush shared_pool or buffer_cache:

exec rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.flush_shared_pool;
exec rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.flush_buffer_cache;

Grant Privileges to SYS Objects

# Grant

begin
    rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.grant_sys_object(
        p_obj_name  => 'V_$SESSION',
        p_grantee   => 'GREPORA',
        p_privilege => 'SELECT');
end;
/

# Grant with Grant Option

begin
    rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.grant_sys_object(
        p_obj_name     => 'V_$SESSION',
        p_grantee      => 'GREPORA',
        p_privilege    => 'SELECT',
        p_grant_option => true);
end;
/

# Revoke

begin
    rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.revoke_sys_object(
        p_obj_name  => 'V_$SESSION',
        p_revokee   => 'GREPORA',
        p_privilege => 'SELECT');
end;
/

 

Hope it Helps!

AWS – Kill Sessions on RDS Oracle Database

Hi all!
Today is a quick tip. Actually, just because more than once I was about to kill a session in a RDS session and it was simply not possible with my usual ALTER SYSTEM KILL SESSION scripts… ­čÖé

Know how to do it? Here it goes:

begin
rdsadmin.rdsadmin_util.kill(
sid => &sid,
serial => &serial);
end;
/

Putted it in a script: @killrds.sql

Cheers!